Reformed Theology Week 34 - Let's Read the Heidelberg Catechism!  Calvinism

Week 34 – Let’s Read the Heidelberg Catechism!

Reformed Theology Week 34 - Let's Read the Heidelberg Catechism!  Calvinism
Week 34 – Let’s Read the Heidelberg Catechism!

THE TEN COMMANDMENTS

Lord's Day 34

Q&A 92

Q. What is God's law?

A. God spoke all these words:

THE FIRST COMMANDMENT "I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery; you shall have no other gods before me."

THE SECOND COMMANDMENT "You shall not make for yourself an idol, whether in form of anything that is in heaven above, or that is on the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I the LORD your God am a jealous God, punishing children for the iniquity of parents, to the third and the fourth generation of those who reject me, but showing love to the thousandth generation of those who love me and keep my commandments."

THE THIRD COMMANDMENT "You shall not make wrongful use of the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not acquit anyone who misuses his name."

THE FOURTH COMMANDMENT "Remember the sabbath day, and keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work. But the seventh day is a sabbath to the LORD your God; you shall not do any work—you, your son or your daughter, your male or female slave, your livestock, or the alien resident in your towns. For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but rested the seventh day; therefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day and consecrated it."

THE FIFTH COMMANDMENT "Honor your father and your mother, so that your days may be long in the land that the LORD your God is giving to you."

THE SIXTH COMMANDMENT "You shall not murder."

THE SEVENTH COMMANDMENT "You shall not commit adultery."

THE EIGHTH COMMANDMENT "You shall not steal."

THE NINTH COMMANDMENT "You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor."

THE TENTH COMMANDMENT "You shall not covet your neighbor's house; you shall not covet your neighbor's wife, or male or female slave, or ox, or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor."1

1 Ex. 20:1-17; Deut. 5:6-21

Q&A 93

Q. How are these commandments divided?

A. Into two tables. The first has four commandments, teaching us how we ought to live in relation to God. The second has six commandments, teaching us what we owe our neighbor.1

1 Matt. 22:37-39

Q&A 94

Q. What does the Lord require in the first commandment?

A. That I, not wanting to endanger my own salvation, avoid and shun all idolatry,1 sorcery, superstitious rites,2 and prayer to saints or to other creatures.3

That I rightly know the only true God,4 trust him alone,5 and look to God for every good thing6 humbly7 and patiently,8 and love,9 fear,10 and honor11 God with all my heart.

In short, that I give up anything rather than go against God's will in any way.12

1 1 Cor. 6:9-10; 10:5-14; 1 John 5:21

2 Lev. 19:31; Deut. 18:9-12

3 Matt. 4:10; Rev. 19:10; 22:8-9

4 John 17:3

5 Jer. 17:5, 7

6 Ps. 104:27-28; James 1:17

7 1 Pet. 5:5-6

8 Col. 1:11; Heb. 10:36

9 Matt. 22:37 (Deut. 6:5)

10 Prov. 9:10; 1 Pet. 1:17

11 Matt. 4:10 (Deut. 6:13)

12 Matt. 5:29-30; 10:37-39

Q&A 95

Q. What is idolatry?

A. Idolatry is having or inventing something in which one trusts in place of or alongside of the only true God, who has revealed himself in the Word.1

1 1 Chron. 16:26; Gal. 4:8-9; Eph. 5:5; Phil. 3:19

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Reformed Theology Week 33 - Let's Read the Heidelberg Catechism!  Calvinism

Week 33 – Let’s Read the Heidelberg Catechism!

Reformed Theology Week 33 - Let's Read the Heidelberg Catechism!  Calvinism
Week 33 – Let’s Read the Heidelberg Catechism!

Lord's Day 33

Q&A 88

Q. What is involved in genuine repentance or conversion?

A. Two things: the dying-away of the old self, and the rising-to-life of the new.1

1 Rom. 6:1-11; 2 Cor. 5:17; Eph. 4:22-24; Col. 3:5-10

Q&A 89

Q. What is the dying-away of the old self?

A. To be genuinely sorry for sin and more and more to hate and run away from it.1

1 Ps. 51:3-4, 17; Joel 2:12-13; Rom. 8:12-13; 2 Cor. 7:10

Q&A 90

Q. What is the rising-to-life of the new self?

A. Wholehearted joy in God through Christ1 and a love and delight to live according to the will of God by doing every kind of good work.2

1 Ps. 51:8, 12; Isa. 57:15; Rom. 5:1; 14:17

2 Rom. 6:10-11; Gal. 2:20

Q&A 91

Q. What are good works?

A. Only those which are done out of true faith,1 conform to God's law,2 and are done for God's glory;3 and not those based on our own opinion or human tradition.4

1 John 15:5; Heb. 11:6

2 Lev. 18:4; 1 Sam. 15:22; Eph. 2:10

3 1 Cor. 10:31

4 Deut. 12:32; Isa. 29:13; Ezek. 20:18-19; Matt. 15:7-9

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Reformed Theology Week 32 - Let's Read the Heidelberg Catechism!  Calvinism

Week 32 – Let’s Read the Heidelberg Catechism!

Reformed Theology Week 32 - Let's Read the Heidelberg Catechism!  Calvinism
Week 32 – Let’s Read the Heidelberg Catechism!

PART III: GRATITUDE

Lord's Day 32

Q&A 86

Q. Since we have been delivered from our misery by grace through Christ without any merit of our own, why then should we do good works?

A. Because Christ, having redeemed us by his blood, is also restoring us by his Spirit into his image, so that with our whole lives we may show that we are thankful to God for his benefits,1 so that he may be praised through us,2 so that we may be assured of our faith by its fruits,3 and so that by our godly living our neighbors may be won over to Christ.4

1 Rom. 6:13; 12:1-2; 1 Pet. 2:5-10

2 Matt. 5:16; 1 Cor. 6:19-20

3 Matt. 7:17-18; Gal. 5:22-24; 2 Pet. 1:10-11

4 Matt. 5:14-16; Rom. 14:17-19; 1 Pet. 2:12; 3:1-2

Q&A 87

Q. Can those be saved who do not turn to God from their ungrateful and unrepentant ways?

A. By no means. Scripture tells us that no unchaste person, no idolater, adulterer, thief, no covetous person, no drunkard, slanderer, robber, or the like will inherit the kingdom of God.1

1 1 Cor. 6:9-10; Gal. 5:19-21; Eph. 5:1-20; 1 John 3:14

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